GAMBARAN DIRECT ANTIGLOBULIN TEST PADA INKOMPATIBILITAS

  • Sri Anita Hasanuddin University
  • Rachmawati AM Hasanuddin University
  • Mansyur Arif Hasanuddin University
Keywords: Incompatibility, Autocontrol

Abstract

        Blood transfusion is the administration of blood or blood components directly into the patients circulation that indicated for anemia, increase blood volume, or to improve immunity. Since transfusion has multiantigenic properties from donor to recipient its potentially causes incompatibility reactions. Direct antiglobulin test  (DAT) or Direct Coombs test is performed to determine the presence of antibodies that envelops the erythrocyte membrane of recipient. This study aimed to describe the incompatibility DAT. This study was observational descriptive research with cross sectional design. The data samples are incompatible in the Hospital Blood Bank Unit Dr.Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makassar, from January until June 2015. There were 409 samples of incompatible blood (7.1%) of all transfused blood samples (5757). Most positive DAT on minor incompatibilities were 385 recipients (95.1%) with the frequency of the male sex (51.1%) more than women (48.9%). The age range is 46-55 years was the most resepien 105 (25.9%). Blood type O was the most experienced incompatibility which 138 (34.1%). No history of transfusion recipients with 290 (71.6%). Most of the primary diagnosis was malignancy that was 146 recipients (36.1%). Incompatible minor less than or equal to autocontrol (AC), the blood can still be distributed as many as 370 (90.5%). In conclusion minor incompatible types most of all transfused blood samples and autocontrol were all positive. The results were 99% positive DAT on blood group incompatibility and most was blood type O. Diagnosis of most of the group of malignancy.

Published
2019-07-18
Section
Articles